Second Grade


Second Grade

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English and Language Arts - Reading


Phonemic Awareness, Word Recognition and Fluency

1. Identify rhyming words with the same or different spelling patterns.

     Rhyming Word Matching Game

     Let's Rhyme

     WhirlyWord Machine

     Rhyming Word Game

     Magnetic Rhymes

     Rhyming Words Memory Cards

     Reggie Loves to Rhyme

2. Read regularly spelled multi-syllable words by sight.

     Syllables Factory

     Space Station

     Syllable Quiz

     Syllable Quiz

     Clap and Count Practice

3. Blend phonemes (sounds) of letters and syllables to read unknown words with one or more syllables.

     Learn to Read at Starfall


4. Use knowledge of common word families (e.g., -ite or -ate) to sound out unfamiliar words.

     Word Builder

     Word Family Sort

     Word Maker

5. Segment letter, letter blends and syllable sounds in words.

     Syllables Factory

     Clap and Count Practice

6. Distinguish and identify the beginning, middle and ending sounds in words.

     Paw Park

     Digby's First Sounds Game

     The ABC Game

     Alaphabet Action

     Beginning Phonics

     Beginning Sounds With Patch

     Blend Matching Machine

     Level 1 Phonics Endings

     Level 2

     First Sounds

     The Missing Letter Game

     End Sounds

     Word Build and Bank

7. Identify words as having either short- or long-vowel sounds.

     Long Vowel Sounds

     Long Vowel Match U and E

     Long Vowel Match A I O

     Long Vowels

     Long and Short Vowels

     Long Vowel Words

     Short Vowel A

     Short Vowel E

     Short Vowel I

     Short Vowel O

     Short Vowel U

     Short Vowel Practice

     Short Vowel Words

     Snap It

8. Demonstrate a growing stock of sight words.

     Spelling Sight Words

     List of the 500 Most Common Words in Children's Books

     Sight Reading Practice

     High Frequency Words

9. Read text using fluid and automatic decoding skills.

     Learn to Read at Starfall

10. Read passages fluently with appropriate changes in voice, timing and expression.

Acquisition of Vocabulary

1. Use knowledge of word order and in-sentence context clues to support word identification and to define unknown words while reading.

     Tale of Peter Rabbit -- Click on Word Order Activity

     Molly MixUp

2. Identify words that have similar meanings (synonyms) and words that have opposite meanings (antonyms).

     Opposites Attract

     Opposites Game

     Same Game

     Toothy Tally

     Tooth Talker Antonyms

3. Classify words into categories (e.g., colors, fruits, vegetables).

4. Read accurately high-frequency sight words.

     Sight Reading Practice

     High Frequency Words

5. Read homographs aloud correctly, adjusting sounds to fit meaning, and use words in context.

     List of Homophones

     Homonyms Games    

     Sounds the Same Looks Different

     Homophone Quiz

6. Determine the meaning of common compound words (e.g., lunchroom, baseball) by explaining the relationship between the words contained in the compound.

     Compound Word Lesson

     Compound Words

     Compound Words Second Grade

     Compound Words Drag and Drop

     Compounds Word Page

7. Identify contractions and common abbreviations and connect them to whole words.


     We're Here Game

     English Zone

     Treasure Trove Game

     Contraction Practice

     Fly By Game

     Type the Contraction

8. Determine the meaning of prefixes, including un-, re-, pre- and suffixes, including -er, -est, -ful, -less.

     Using Prefixes

     Using Suffixes

     The Suffix and Prefix Machine

9. Use root words (e.g., smile) and their various inflections (e.g., smiles, smiling, smiled) to determine the meaning of words. 

     Ed or Ing

     Root Words Quiz

10. Determine the meaning and pronunciations of unknown words using a beginner's dictionary, glossaries and technology.

     The Internet Picture Dictionary

     Little Explorers Picture Dictionary

Reading Process: Concepts of Print, Comprehension Strategies and Self-Monitoring Strategies

1. Establish a purpose for reading (e.g., to be informed, to follow directions or to be entertained).

     Authors Purpose

2. Predict content, events and outcomes from illustrations and prior experience and support those predictions with examples from the text or background knowledge.

     Making Predictions

     Make Predictions

3. Compare and contrast information in texts with prior knowledge and experience.

4. Summarize text by recalling main ideas and some supporting details.

     Main Idea Practice

     Supporting Details

     Main Idea Practice 1

     Main Idea Practice 2

     Get the Idea

5. Create and use graphic organizers, such as Venn diagrams and webs, to demonstrate comprehension.

     Education Place Graphic Organizers

6. Answer literal, inferential and evaluative questions to demonstrate comprehension of grade-appropriate print texts and electronic and visual media.

     Tale of Peter Rabbit

     Interactive Assessment

     Reading Comprehension

7. Monitor comprehension by recognizing when text does not make sense and look back or read on to reinforce comprehension.

8. Monitor reading comprehension by identifying word errors and self-correcting.

9. Use criteria to choose independent reading materials (e.g., personal interest, knowledge of authors and genres or recommendations from others).

10. Independently read books for various purposes (e.g., for enjoyment, for literary experience, to gain information or to perform a task).

     Children's Storybooks Online

Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text

1. Use the table of contents, glossary, captions and illustrations to identify information and to comprehend text.

     Parts of a Book

     Explore the Parts of a Book

2. Arrange events from informational text in sequential order.

     Binky's Story Scramble

     Monkey Business Sequence a Sentence

     Tale of Peter Rabbit Click on Picture Order

3. List questions about essential elements from informational text (e.g., why, who, where, what, when and how) and identify answers.

4. Classify ideas from informational texts as main ideas or supporting details.

     Main Idea Practice

5. Identify information in diagrams, charts, graphs and maps.

6. Analyze a set of directions for proper sequencing.


Reading Applications: Literary Text

1. Compare and contrast different versions of the same story.

2. Describe characters and setting.

     Story Time

     Tale of Peter Rabbit What is Going On

3. Retell the plot of a story.

4. Distinguish between stories, poems, plays, fairy tales and fables.

     Fern's Poetry Club

5. Identify words from texts that appeal to the senses.

6. Identify the theme of a text.


 English and Language Arts - Writing


Writing Processes

1. Generate writing ideas through discussions with others.

     Writing Prompts With Pictures

     Writing Topics

2. Develop a main idea for writing.

3. Develop a purpose and audience for writing.

4. Use organizational strategies (e.g., brainstorming, lists, webs and Venn diagrams) to plan writing.

     Venn Diagram


     Graphic Organizers From Education Place

     Webbing Tool

5. Organize writing with a developed beginning, middle and end.

     Make Your Own Story

6. Use a range of complete sentences, including declarative, interrogative and exclamatory.

     Magnetic Poetry

     Monkey Business

     Sentence Clubhouse

     Types of Sentences

7. Include transitional words and phrases.

8. Use language for writing that is different from oral language, mimicking writing style of books when appropriate.

9. Use available technology to compose text.

     Magnetic Poetry

     Write Acrostice Poems

     Comic Creator

     Write a Diamante Poem

     Create a Flip Book

     Letter Generator

     Letter Poem Creator

     Postcard Creator

     Printing Press

     Shape Poems

     Stapeless Book

10. Reread and assess writing for clarity, using a variety of methods (e.g., writer's circle or author's chair).

11. Add descriptive words and details and delete extraneous information.

     List of Adjectives


12. Use resources (e.g., word wall, beginner's dictionary and word bank) to select effective vocabulary.

     Little Explorers Picture Dictionary

     Internet Picture Dictionary

13. Proofread writing to improve conventions (e.g., grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization).

     Power Proof Reading

     Online Writing Assessment

     Find the Correct Sentence

14. Apply tools (e.g., rubric, checklist and feedback) to judge the quality of writing.


15. Rewrite and illustrate writing samples for display and for sharing with others.

Writing Applications

1. Write stories that convey a clear message, include details, use vivid language and move through a logical sequence of steps and events.

2. Write responses to stories by comparing text to other texts, or to people or events in their own lives.

3. Write letters or invitations that include relevant information and follow letter format (e.g., date, proper salutation, body, closing and signature).

     Writing a Friendly Letter

     Letter Generator

4. Produce informal writings (e.g., messages, journals, notes and poems) for various purposes.

     Write Acrostice Poems

     Write a Diamante Poem

     Shape Poems

     Note Taker

Writing Conventions

1. Print legibly, and space letters, words and sentences appropriately.

2. Spell words with consonant blends and digraphs.

     Letter Bugs

     Ending Digraphs

3. Spell regularly used and high-frequency words correctly.

     Harcourt Spelling


     Spelling Game

4. Spell words studied (e.g., word lists, text words) correctly.

     Look Cover Write Check

5. Spell plurals and verb tenses correctly.

     Fun With Plurals

6. Begin to use spelling patterns and rules correctly (e.g., dropping silent e before adding -ing).

7. Use spelling strategies (e.g., word wall, word lists, thinking about the base word and affixes).

8. Use periods, question marks and exclamation points as endpoints correctly.

     Periods, Question Marks and Exclamation Points

     Using Exclamation Marks

     Punctuation Paintball

     Find the Correct Sentence

9. Use quotation marks.

     Punctuation Paintball

10. Use correct punctuation for contractions and abbreviations.

11. Use correct capitalization (e.g., proper nouns, the first word in a sentence, months and days).


     Special Names

12. Use nouns, verbs and adjectives correctly.

     Grammer Gorillas

     Using Adjectives

     Parts of Speech

     Weather Symbols

     Noun Dunk

13. Use subjects and verbs that are in agreement.

     Grammer Review

14. Use personal pronouns.


15. Use past and present verb tenses (e.g., "we were" rather than "we was").

     Verb Tense

     Verb Endings

16. Use nouns and pronouns that are in agreement.


1. Create questions for investigations, assigned topic or personal area of interest.

2. Utilize appropriate searching techniques to gather information from a variety of locations (e.g., classroom, school library, public library or community resources).

     School Library


3. Acquire information, with teacher assistance, from multiple sources (e.g., books, magazines, videotapes, CD-ROMs, Web sites) and collect data (e.g., interviews, experiments, observations or surveys) about the topic.


4. Identify important information and write brief notes about the information.

     Note Taker

5. Sort relevant information about the topic into categories with teacher assistance.

6. Report important findings to others.

Communications: Oral and Visual

1. Use active listening strategies, such as making eye contact and asking for clarification and explanation.

2. Compare what is heard with prior knowledge and experience.

3. Identify the main idea of oral presentations and visual media.

     Main Idea Practice

4. Follow two- and three-step oral directions.

     Up Down All Around

5. Demonstrate an understanding of the rules of the English language.

6. Select language appropriate to purpose and use clear diction and tone.

7. Adjust volume to stress important ideas.

8. Deliver informational presentations that:
a. present events or ideas in logical sequence and maintain a clear focus;
b. demonstrate an understanding of the topic;
c. include relevant facts and details to develop a topic;
d. organize information with a clear beginning and ending;
e. include diagrams, charts or illustrations as appropriate; and
f. identify sources.

9. Deliver formal and informal descriptive presentations recalling an event or personal experience that convey relevant information and descriptive details.

10. Deliver simple dramatic presentations (e.g., recite poems, rhymes, songs and stories).




Number, Number Sense and Operations

1. Use place value concepts to represent, compare and order whole numbers using physical models, numerals and words, with ones, tens and hundreds. For example:
a. Recognize 10 can mean "10 ones" or a single entity (1 ten) through physical models and trading games.
b. Read and write 3-digit numerals (e.g., 243 as two hundred forty three, 24 tens and 3 ones, or 2 hundreds and 43 ones, etc.) and construct models to represent each.

     Catch the Falling Leaves

     Big Numbers

     Grouping Tens and Ones

     Life Guards

     Place Values


     Partitioning Numbers

     Place Values

     Expanded Forms

     Place Value Video

     Place Value

     Place Value Party

     Cookie Dough

2. Recognize and classify numbers as even or odd.

     Odd or Even Quiz

     Odd and Even Numbers

     Color Odd or Even

     Dragon Eggs

     Ghost Blaster Odd

     Ghost Blaster Even

     Exploring Even Numbers

3. Count money and make change using coins and a dollar bill.

     Pick a Coin

     Spending Spree

     Adding Nickels Dimes and Pennies

     Change It

     Counting Change

     Counting Coins

     Counting Money

     Math With Money

     Money Flashcards

     Piggy Bank


     Change Maker

     Learn to Count Money

The change exchange game-National City

4. Represent and write the value of money using the ¢ sign and in decimal form when using the $ sign.

5. Represent fractions (halves, thirds, fourths, sixths and eighths), using words, numerals and physical models. For example:
a. Recognize that a fractional part can mean different amounts depending on the original quantity.
b. Recognize that a fractional part of a rectangle does not have to be shaded with contiguous parts.
c. Identify and illustrate parts of a whole and parts of sets of objects.
d. Compare and order physical models of halves, thirds and fourths in relation to 0 and 1.

     Fractions Maniplulative

     Parts of a Whole

     Naming Fractions

     Fabulous Fractions

     13 Ways of Looking at a Half

     Fraction Painting - 2x2 grid3x3 grid4x4 grid5x5 grid,  6x6 grid

     Fishy Fractions

     Fishy Fractions

     Fraction Flags

     Making Fractions

     Identify With Circles


     Fractions Activity

     Pizza Party

     Number Line Fractions

     Fraction Bar

6. Model, represent and explain subtraction as comparison, take-away and part-to-whole; e.g., solve missing addend problems by counting up or subtracting, such as "I had six baseball cards, my sister gave me more, and I now have ten. How many did she give me?" can be represented as 6 + ? = 10 or 10 - 6 = ?.

     Math Practice

     Base Blocks Subtraction

     Number Line

     Math Stories

     That's a Fact

     Speed Grid Subtraction

     Sum Sense

     Addition Surprise

     Cyber Challenge

     Mystery Picture

7. Model, represent and explain multiplication as repeated addition, rectangular arrays and skip counting.

     Basic Multiplication

     Skip Counting


     Math Practice

     Number Line

     That's a Fact

     Cyber Challenge

8. Model, represent and explain division as sharing equally and repeated subtraction.



     Math Practice

     Number Line

     That's a Fact

     Cyber Challenge

9. Model and use the commutative property for addition.

10. Demonstrate fluency in addition facts with addends through 9 and corresponding subtractions; e.g., 9 + 9 = 18, 18 – 9 = 9.



     Leon's Math Dojo


     Callums Math Pyramid

     Paintbrush Math

11. Add and subtract multiples of 10.

12. Demonstrate multiple strategies for adding and subtracting 2- or 3-digit whole numbers, such as:
a. compatible numbers;
b. compensatory numbers;
c. informal use of commutative and associative properties of addition.


     Addition Facts

     Subtraction Facts

     Addition and Subtraction

     Mystery Math

     Ghost Blasters

13. Estimate the results of whole number addition and subtraction problems using front-end estimation, and judge the reasonableness of the answers.


1. Identify and select appropriate units of measure for:
a. length – centimeters, meters, inches, feet or yards;
b. volume (capacity) – liters, cups, pints or quarts;
c. weight – grams, ounces or pounds;
d. time – hours, half-hours, quarter-hours or minutes and time designations, a.m. or p.m.

     Teaching Measures

     Measuring Tools

2. Establish personal or common referents for units of measure to make estimates and comparisons; e.g., the width of a finger is a centimeter, a large bottle of soda pop is 2 liters, a small paper clip weighs about one gram.

3. Describe and compare the relationships among units of measure, such as centimeters and meters; inches, feet and yards; cups, pints and quarts; ounces and pounds; and hours, half-hours, and quarter-hours; e.g., how many inches in a foot?

     Match Game

     Metric Match Game

4. Tell time to the nearest minute interval on digital and to the nearest 5 minute interval on analog (dial) timepieces.

     A Matter of Time

     Snap Dragon Tell Time

     Clock Wise

     Telling Time Practice

     Identifying Time

     What Time is it?

     Willy the Watch Dog

     Travel Time

     Feeding Time

     Stop the Clock


5. Estimate and measure the length and weight of common objects, using metric and U.S. customary units, accurate to the nearest unit.

     Measure It


     Are We There Yet

6. Select and use appropriate measurement tools; e.g., a ruler to draw a segment 3 inches long, a measuring cup to place 2 cups of rice in a bowl, a scale to weigh 50 grams of candy.

     Measuring Tools

7. Make and test predictions about measurements, using different units to measure the same length or volume.

Geometry and Spatial Sense

1. Identify, describe, compare and sort three-dimensional objects (i.e., cubes, spheres, prisms, cones, cylinders and pyramids) according to the shape of the faces or the number of faces, edges or vertices.

     Three Dimensional

     Prisms, Pyramids, Cones and Cylinders

     Virtual Manipulative

     Buried Shapes Game

     Castle Shapes

     Geo Cleo


2. Predict what new shapes will be formed by combining or cutting apart existing shapes.

     Pattern Blocks

     Tangram Puzzle

     Basic Shapes


3. Recognize two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects from different positions.

     Buried Shapes

     Castle Shapes

     Pattern Blocks

4. Identify and determine whether two-dimensional shapes are congruent (same shape and size) or similar (same shape different size) by copying or using superposition (lay one thing on top of another).

     Dam Jammer


5. Create and identify two-dimensional figures with line symmetry; e.g., what letter shapes, logos, polygons are symmetrical?

     Ask Hannah


Patterns, Functions and Algebra

1. Extend simple number patterns (both repeating and growing patterns), and create similar patterns using different objects, such as using physical materials or shapes to represent numerical patterns.

     Crazy Pattern Machine

     Number Cracker

     Number Patterns

     Pattern Mania

     Pattern Video

2. Use patterns to make generalizations and predictions; e.g., determine a missing element in a pattern.

     Christmas Lights

3. Create new patterns with consistent rules or plans, and describe the rule or general plan of existing patterns.

     Pattern Game

4. Use objects, pictures, numbers and other symbols to represent a problem situation.

5. Understand equivalence and extend the concept to situations involving symbols; e.g., 4 + 5 = 9 and 9 = 4 + 5, and 4 + 5 = 3 + 6 = ? + ?…

6. Use symbols to represent unknown quantities and identify values for symbols in an expression or equation using addition and subtraction; e.g., ? + ? = 10, ? - 2 = 4.

7. Describe qualitative and quantitative changes, especially those involving addition and subtraction; e.g., a student growing taller versus a student growing two inches in one year.

Data Analysis and Probability

1. Pose questions, use observations, interviews and surveys to collect data, and organize data in charts, picture graphs and bar graphs.


     Bar Chart

     What Should I Wear

     Create a Graph

2. Read, interpret and make comparisons and predictions from data represented in charts, line plots, picture graphs and bar graphs.

     Interpreting Data

     Is It PE Time?

     How It All Stacks Up

3. Read and construct simple timelines to sequence events.

     Timeline Generator


4. Write a few sentences to describe and compare categories of data represented in a chart or graph, and make statements about the data as a whole.

5. Identify untrue or inappropriate statements about a given set of data.

6. Recognize that data may vary from one population to another; e.g., favorite TV shows of students and of parents.

7. List some of the possible outcomes of a simple experiment, and predict whether given outcomes are more, less or equally likely to occur.

     Box Model

     Why Can't I Win

     What Are My Chances


8. Use physical models and pictures to represent possible arrangements of 2 or 3 objects.




Earth and Space Sciences

1. Recognize that there are more stars in the sky than anyone can easily count.

     Your Sky

2. Observe and describe how the Sun, Moon and stars all appear to move slowly across the sky.

     Planets Orbiting the Sun

3. Observe and describe how the Moon appears a little different every day but looks nearly the same again about every four weeks.

     Space Phaser Game

     Cycles in Nature

     Sky Maps

     Phases of the Moon


     View From the Moon

     Harcourt Phases of the Moon

     Phases of the Moon from Earth and Space

4. Observe and describe that some weather changes occur throughout the day and some changes occur in a repeating seasonal pattern.

     Cycles in Nature

     Arty the Part Time Astronaut

5. Describe weather by measurable quantities such as temperature and precipitation.

     EdHead Weather

     Temperature Quiz

     Weather Machine

     The Weather Calculator

Life Sciences

1. Explain that animals, including people, need air, water, food, living space and shelter, and plants need air, water, nutrients (e.g., minerals), living space and light to survive.

     The Great Plant Escape

     Life Cycles of Plants

     Helping Plants Grow

     Health and Growth

2. Identify that there are many distinct environments that support different kinds of organisms.

     Where Do They Live

     Where Do I Live

     Animal Homes

     Critter Craze

3. Explain why organisms can survive only in environments that meet their needs (e.g., organisms that once lived on earth have disappeared for different reasons such as natural forces or human-caused effects).

     Eeko World

4. Compare similarities and differences among individuals of the same kind of plants and animals, including people.

     Ants are Not All Alike

     Animal Diversity - Frogs

5. Explain that food is a basic need of plants and animals (e.g., plants need sunlight to make food and to grow, animals eat plants and/or other animals for food, food chain) and is important because it is a source of energy (e.g., energy used to play, ride bicycles, read, etc.).

     Seed Growth

     Magic School Bus Photosynthesis

     Trees are Terrific

     Fish Food

     Feed Me

     Fun With Food Webs

6. Investigate the different structures of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (e.g., lungs, gills, leaves and roots).

     Great Plant Escape

     Incredible Edibles Game

     Zip's Plants

     Build a Fish

     Living Things Fish

     Trees are Terrific

     The Secret Life of Trees

7. Compare the habitats of many different kinds of Ohio plants and animals and some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other.

     Ohio Animals

     Plants and Animals in Ohio

8. Compare the activities of Ohio’s common animals (e.g., squirrels, chipmunks, deer, butterflies, bees, ants, bats and frogs) during the different seasons by describing changes in their behaviors and body covering.

     Animals on Defense

     Enter the Hive

     Let's Go Bats

     Ohio Animals

9. Compare Ohio plants during the different seasons by describing changes in their appearance.

     Trees are Terrific

Physical Sciences

1. Explore how things make sound (e.g., rubber bands, tuning fork, strings).

     Sound and Hearing

     Sound Match

     The Magic School Bus Gets and Ear Full

2. Explore and describe sounds (e.g., high, low, soft, loud) produced by vibrating objects.

     Sound and Hearing

     The Magic School Bus Gets and Ear Full

     I Know That  - Click on Sound

3. Explore with flashlights and shadows that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object.

     Lights and Shadows

Science and Technology

1. Explain that developing and using technology involves benefits and risks.

2. Investigate why people make new products or invent new ways to meet their individual wants and needs.

3. Predict how building or trying something new might affect other people and the environment.

4. Communicate orally, pictorially, or written the design process used to make something.

Scientific Inquiry

1. Ask "how can I/we" questions.

2. Ask "how do you know" questions (not "why" questions) in appropriate situations and attempt to give reasonable answers when others ask questions.

3. Explore and pursue student-generated "how" questions.

4. Use appropriate safety procedures when completing scientific investigations.

     Lab Safety Rules

5. Use evidence to develop explanations of scientific investigations. (What do you think? How do you know?)

6. Recognize that explanations are generated in response to observations, events and phenomena.

7. Use appropriate tools and simple equipment/instruments to safely gather scientific data (e.g., magnifiers, non-breakable thermometers, timers, rulers, balances, calculators and other appropriate tools).

8. Measure properties of objects using tools such as rulers, balances and thermometers.

     Fun Brain Measurement

     Teaching Measures

9. Use whole numbers to order, count, identify, measure and describe things and experiences.

10. Share explanations with others to provide opportunities to ask questions, examine evidence and suggest alternative explanations.

Scientific Ways of Knowing

1. Describe that scientific investigations generally work the same way under the same conditions.

2. Explain why scientists review and ask questions about the results of other scientists’ work.

3. Describe ways in which using the solution to a problem might affect other people and the environment.

4. Demonstrate that in science it is helpful to work with a team and share findings with others.


 Social Studies



1. Measure calendar time by days, weeks, months and years.

     It's a Date

     Interactive Calendar

2. List the days of the week and months of the year in order.


     Days of the Week

3. Place a series of related events in chronological order on a time line.

     Dynomo's Show

4. Use historical artifacts, photographs, biographies, maps, diaries and folklore to answer questions about daily life in the past.

     A Step Back in Time

     What is it

5. Identify the work that people performed to make a living in the past and explain how jobs in the past are similar and/or different from those of today.

6. Identify and describe examples of how science and technology have changed the daily lives of people and compare
a. forms of communication from the past and present
b. forms of transportation from the past and present

     America on the Move

7. Recognize the importance of individual action and character and explain how they have made a difference in others’ lives with emphasis on the importance of
a. social and political leaders in the United States (e.g., George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Tecumseh, Harriet Tubman, Abraham Lincoln, Susan B. Anthony and Martin Luther King Jr.)
b. explorers, inventors and scientists (e.g., George Washington Carver, Thomas Edison, Rachel Carson and Neil Armstrong)

People in Societies

1. Describe the cultural practices and products of people on different continents.

2. Describe ways in which language, stories, folktales, music and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture and influence the behavior of people living in a particular culture.

     Myths and Fables From Around the World

3. Explain how contributions of different cultures within the United States have influenced our common national heritage.

4. Describe the contributions of significant individuals, including artisans, inventors, scientists, architects, explorers and political leaders to the cultural heritage of the United States.


1. Read and interpret a variety of maps.

     Types of Maps

     Weather Map Game

     How Maps Work

2. Construct a map that includes a map title and key that explains all symbols that are used.

3. Name and locate the continents and oceans.

     My World Game

     Continents and Oceans

4. Describe and locate landforms (plateaus, islands, hills, mountains, valleys) and bodies of water (creeks, ponds, lakes, oceans) in photographs, maps and 3-D models.

     I Know That -- Click On Landforms

     I Know That -- Click On A Topic Under Physical Features

5. Compare how land is used in urban, suburban and rural environments.

6. Identify ways in which people have responded to and modified the physical environment such as building roads and clearing land for urban development.


1. Explain how resources can be used in various ways (e.g., a bushel of corn could be fed to cows, used to make sweetener or converted to fuel).

2. Explain how people are both buyers and sellers of goods and services.

     Producers and Consumers

3. Recognize that most people work in jobs in which they produce a few special goods or services.

     Matching Producers

     Delivering the Goods

     Mystery Workers

4. Explain why people in different parts of the world earn a living in a variety of ways.

5. Recognize that money is a generally accepted medium of exchange for goods and services and that different countries use different forms of money.

     Kids Bank


1. Identify leaders such as mayor, governor and president, and explain that they are elected by the people.

     Ohio Defines

     White House For Kids

2. Explain how a system of government provides order to a group such as a school or community and why government is necessary including
a. making and enforcing laws
b. providing leadership
c. providing services
d. resolving disputes

3. Explain the importance of landmarks in the United States and the ideals that they represent including
a. the Washington Monument
b. the Jefferson Memorial
c. the Lincoln Memorial

     Symbols of the United States Government

     More Symbols

     Mt. Rushmore Trivia


4. Explain the purpose of rules in the workplace.

5. Predict the consequences of following rules or violating rules in different settings.

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1. Demonstrate skills and explain the benefits of cooperation when working in group settings
a. manage conflict peacefully
b. display courtesy
c. respect others

2. Demonstrate self-direction in tasks within the school community (e.g., classroom, cafeteria and playground).

3. Demonstrate citizenship traits including
a. honesty
b. self-assurance
c. respect for the rights of others
d. persistence
e. patriotism

Social Studies Skills and Methods

1. Obtain information from oral, visual and print sources.

2. Identify sources used to gather information
a. people
b. printed materials
c. electronic sources

3. Predict the next event in a sequence.


4. Distinguish the difference between fact and fiction in oral, visual and print materials.

     Fact or Fiction

     Real or Make Believe

5. Communicate information in writing.

6. Use problem-solving/decision-making skills to identify a problem and gather information while working independently and in groups.





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Northern Local School District
8700 Sheridan Road NW
Thornville, OH 43076

Phone: (740) 743-1303
Fax: (740) 743-3301