Third Grade


Third Grade

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English and Language Arts - Reading


Phonemic Awareness, Word Recognition and Fluency

1. Identify rhyming words with the same or different spelling patterns.

     Rhyming Words Match Game

     Whirlryword Machine

     Let's Rhyme

     Memory Cards

     Reggie Loves to Rhyme

     Magnetic Rhymes

2. Use letter-sound knowledge and structural analysis to decode words.

     Long Vowel Sounds


     Circus Builder

     Ski Lodge


     Consonant Blends

     Missing Blends

3. Use knowledge of common word families (e.g., -ite or -ate) and complex word families (e.g., -ould, -ight) to sound out unfamiliar words.


      Word Builder

      Word Family Sort

      Word Maker

4. Demonstrate a growing stock of sight words.

     List of Third Grade Site Words

     List of Third Grade High Frequencey Words

     Flash Card Memory

     Sight Word Quiz

     Create a Sight Word Worksheet

5. Read text using fluid and automatic decoding skills.

     Learn to Read at Starfall


6. Read passages fluently with changes in tone, voice, timing and expression to demonstrate meaningful comprehension.

Acquisition of Vocabulary

1. Determine the meaning of unknown words using a variety of context clues, including word, sentence and paragraph clues.

     Word Study Clues

     Context Clues

2. Use context clues to determine the meaning of homophones, homonyms and homographs.

     Homophones Quiz 1

     Homophones Quiz 2

     HomoPhones Quiz 3

     Easily Confused Words 1

     Easily Confused Words 2

     Homophones Challenge


     A Feast of Homonyms


     Multiple Meanings

3. Apply the meaning of the terms synonyms and antonyms.

     Antonyms Matching


     Antonym Alley

     Synonyms Matching

     Say It Another Way

     Find a Snynonm or Antonym

     Synonym Matching

     Synonym Matching

     Synonym Practice

     Antonyms Match Up

     Synonyms Match Up

     Rocket to the Moon

4. Read accurately high-frequency sight words.

     Spelling Sight Words

     List of the 500 Most Common Words in Children's Books

     Sight Reading Practice

     High Frequency Words

5. Apply knowledge of individual words in unknown compound words to determine their meanings.

     Breaking Down Compound Words

     Compound Words Game 1

     Compound Words Game 2

6. Use knowledge of contractions and common abbreviations to identify whole words.

     Contractions Fly By

     Contraction Games

     Contraction Practice

     We're Here

     Type the Contraction

7. Apply knowledge of prefixes, including un-, re-, pre- and suffixes, including -er, -est, -ful and -less to determine meaning of words.

     The Suffix and Prefix Machine

     Using Suffixes

     Using Prefixes


     Prefix Root and Suffix

     Make New Words - Prefix


     Roots and Prefixes

     Using Suffixes


     Make New Words Suffixes

     Suffixes Practice


8. Decode and determine the meaning of words by using knowledge of root words and their various inflections.

      Rooting Out Words

      Root Word Quizes

      Fish Tanks

9. Determine the meanings and pronunciations of unknown words by using dictionaries, glossaries, technology and textual features, such as definitional footnotes or sidebars.

     Britannica Online

     Know Play


Reading Process: Concepts of Print, Comprehension Strategies and Self-Monitoring Strategies

1. Establish a purpose for reading (e.g., to be informed, to follow directions or to be entertained).

     Author's Purpose

2. Predict content, events and outcomes by using chapter titles, section headers, illustrations and story topics, and support those predictions with examples from the text.

     Making Predictions

     Make Predictions

3. Compare and contrast information between texts and across subject areas.

     Compare and Contrast Guide

4. Summarize texts, sequencing information accurately and include main ideas and details as appropriate.

     Sequence Of Events

     Sequence the Story


     Mystery Cube

5. Make inferences regarding events and possible outcomes from information in text.

     Inference Battleship


     What Can You Infer?

6. Create and use graphic organizers, such as Venn diagrams and webs, to demonstrate comprehension.

     Graphic Organizer Maker

     Education Place

     Literacy Elements Mapping

     Create a Venn Diagram

     Venn Diagram 3 Circles

7. Answer literal, inferential and evaluative questions to demonstrate comprehension of grade-appropriate print texts and electronic and visual media.

     Online Assessment 2003

     Online Assessment 2004

     Online Assessment 2005

     Brainchild Test

     Kids Lab

     Reading Exercise

     Comprehension Stories

8. Monitor own comprehension by adjusting speed to fit the purpose, or by skimming, scanning, reading on or looking back.

9. Use criteria to choose independent reading materials (e.g., personal interest, knowledge of authors and genres or recommendations from others).

10. Independently read books for various purposes (e.g., for enjoyment, for literary experience, to gain information or to perform a task).

     Books Online

Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text

1. Use the table of contents, chapter headings, glossary, index, captions and illustrations to locate information and comprehend texts.

     Parts of a Book


     Parts of a Book

     Parts of a book Quiz

2. List questions about essential elements (e.g., why, who, where, what, when and how) from informational text and identify answers.

3. Identify and list the important central ideas and supporting details of informational text.

     Main Idea Practice

     Supporting Details

     Main Idea Practice 1

     Main Idea Practice 2

     Get the Main Idea

     Get the Idea

4. Draw conclusions from information in maps, charts, graphs and diagrams.

5. Analyze a set of directions for proper sequencing, clarity and completeness.


Reading Applications: Literary Text

1. Recognize and describe similarities and differences of plot across literary works.

     Plot Diagram

     Circle Plot

2. Use concrete details from the text to describe characters and setting.

     Story Time

     Story Elements

3. Retell the plot sequence.

     Story Time

     Plot Diagram

     Circle Plot

4. Identify and explain the defining characteristics of literary forms and genres, including fairy tales, folk tales, poetry, fiction and non-fiction.

     Fiction or Non-Fiction


     State and Regional Folktales

5. Explain how an author's choice of words appeals to the senses.

6. Identify stated and implied themes.

7. Describe methods authors use to influence readers' feelings and attitudes (e.g., appeal of characters in a picture book; use of figurative language).


     Figurative Language

     Similies and Metaphors


     Common Terms

     Figurative Language Quiz


English and Language Arts - Writing


Writing Processes

1. Generate writing ideas through discussions with others and from printed material.

     Writing Prompts With Pictures

     Writing Topics

2. Develop a clear main idea for writing.

3. Develop a purpose and audience for writing.

     Author's Purpose

     A Purpose For Writing

4. Use organizational strategies (e.g., brainstorming, lists, webs and Venn diagrams) to plan writing.

     Venn Diagram


     Graphic Organizers From Education Place

     Webbing Tool

5. Organize writing by providing a simple introduction, body and a clear sense of closure.

     Story Map

     Webbing Tool

6. Use a wide range of simple, compound and complex sentences.

     English Eggs

     Sentence Sequencing

     Putting Sentence Together

7. Create paragraphs with topic sentences and supporting sentences that are marked by indentation and are linked by transitional words and phrases.

     Topic Sentences


8. Use language for writing that is different from oral language, mimicking writing style of books when appropriate.

9. Use available technology to compose text.

     Magnetic Words

     Riddle Interactive

     Write Acrostice Poems

     Comic Creator

     Write a Diamante Poem

     Create a Flip Book

     Letter Generator

     Letter Poem Creator

     Postcard Creator

     Printing Press

     Shape Poems

     Stapeless Book

10. Reread and assess writing for clarity, using a variety of methods (e.g., writer's circle or author's chair).

11. Add descriptive words and details and delete extraneous information.

     List of Adjectives


12. Rearrange words, sentences and paragraphs to clarify meaning.

13. Use resources and reference materials, including dictionaries, to select more effective vocabulary.

     Britannica Online

     Know Play


14. Proofread writing and edit to improve conventions (e.g., grammar, spelling, punctuation and capitalization) and identify and correct fragments and run-ons.

     Power Proof Reading

     Online Writing Assessment

15. Apply tools (e.g., rubric, checklist and feedback) to judge the quality of writing.


16. Rewrite and illustrate writing samples for display and for sharing with others.

Writing Applications

1. Write stories that sequence events and include descriptive details and vivid language to develop characters, setting and plot.

2. Write responses to novels, stories and poems that demonstrate an understanding of the text and support judgments with specific references to the text.

3. Write formal and informal letters (e.g., thank you notes, letters of request) that include relevant information and date, proper salutation, body, closing and signature.

     Writing a Friendly Letter

     Letter Generator

     Postcard Creator

4. Write informational reports that include the main ideas and significant details from the text.

5. Produce informal writings (e.g., messages, journals, note and, poems) for various purposes.

     Shape Poems

     Letter Poem Creator

     Write Acrostice Poems

     Note Taker

     Write a Diamante Poem

Writing Conventions

1. Write legibly in cursive, spacing letters, words and sentences appropriately.

     Zane Blosser Cursive

2. Spell multi-syllabic words correctly.

     Fun City

     Gator Smash em Game

     Fearless Frieda

     Look Cover Spell

     Spell a Roo

3. Spell all familiar high-frequency words, words with short vowels and common endings correctly.

     Letter Bugs

     Harcourt Brace Spelling

     Space Trash

4. Spell contractions, compounds and homonyms (e.g., hair and hare) correctly.

     Contraction Quiz

5. Use correct spelling of words with common suffixes such as -ion, -ment and -ly.

6. Follow common spelling generalizations (e.g., consonant doubling, dropping e and changing y to i).

7. Use resources to check spelling (e.g., a dictionary, spell check).


8. Use end punctuation marks correctly.

     Using End Marks

     Using Punctuation

     Punctuation Paintball

9. Use quotation marks around dialogue, commas in a series and apostrophes in contractions and possessives.

     Commas is a Series

     Comma Usage

     Interactive exercises on using commas - Exercise 1 - Exercise 2 - Exercise 3 - Exercise 4 - Exercise 5

     Using Commas

10. Use correct capitalization.


11. Use nouns, verbs and adjectives correctly.

     Grammer Gorillas

     Using Adjectives

     Parts of Speech

     Noun Dunk

     Parts of Speech

     Parts of Speech Quiz

     Verb Power

12. Use subjects and verbs that are in agreement.

     Simple Subject

13. Use irregular plural nouns.

     Irregular Plurals

     Irregular Plurals 2

     Irregular Plurals of Nouns

14. Use nouns and pronouns that are in agreement.


15. Use past, present and future verb tenses.

     2 Bee or Not Too Bee


     Past and Present Verb Tense


16. Use possessive nouns and pronouns.

     Possessive Noun Quiz


     Possessive Nouns

17. Use conjunctions.


     Conjunctions Crossword

     Conjunctions Quiz


1. Choose a topic for research from a list of questions, assigned topic or personal area of interest.

     Choosing a Topic

     Science Fair Topics

2. Utilize appropriate searching techniques to gather information from a variety of locations (e.g., classroom, school library, public library or community resources).

     School Library

     Perry County Library


3. Acquire information from multiple sources (e.g., books, magazines, videotapes, CD-ROMs, Web sites) and collect data (e.g., interviews, experiments, observations or surveys) about the topic.


     Old Farmers Almanac

     Facts About the United States

     Know Play

     Today in History

     World Fact Book

4. Identify important information found in the sources and summarize the important findings.

5. Sort relevant information into categories about the topic.

6. Understand the importance of citing sources.

     Bibliography Format

     Citation Machine

7. Use a variety of communication techniques, including oral, visual, written or multimedia reports, to present information gathered.

Communications: Oral and Visual

1. Ask questions for clarification and explanation, and respond to others' ideas.

2. Identify the main idea, supporting details and purpose of oral presentations and visual media.

     Main Idea Practice

3. Identify the difference between facts and opinions in presentations and visual media.

     Fact or Opinion Game

     Fact or Opinion Game 2

4. Demonstrate an understanding of the rules of the English language.

5. Select language appropriate to purpose and audience.

6. Use clear diction and tone, and adjust volume and tempo to stress important ideas.

7. Adjust speaking content according to the needs of the audience.

8. Deliver informational presentations that:
a. present events or ideas in logical sequence and maintain a clear focus;
b. demonstrate an understanding of the topic;
c. include relevant facts and details from multiple sources to develop topic;
d. organize information, including a clear introduction, body and conclusion;
e. use appropriate visual materials (e.g., diagrams, charts, illustrations) and available technology; and
f. identify sources.

9. Deliver formal and informal descriptive presentations recalling an event or personal experience that convey relevant information and descriptive details.





Number, Number Sense and Operations

1. Identify and generate equivalent forms of whole numbers; e.g., 36, 30 + 6, 9 x 4, 46 - 10, number of inches in a yard.

2. Use place value concepts to represent whole numbers and decimals using numerals, words, expanded notation and physical models. For example:
a. Recognize 100 means "10 tens" as well as a single entity (1 hundred) through physical models and trading games.
b. Describe the multiplicative nature of the number system; e.g., the structure of 3205 as 3 x 1000 plus 2 x 100 plus 5 x 1.
c. Model the size of 1000 in multiple ways; e.g., packaging 1000 objects into 10 boxes of 100, modeling a meter with centimeter and decimeter strips, or gathering 1000 pop-can tabs.
d. Explain the concept of tenths and hundredths using physical models, such as metric pieces, base ten blocks, decimal squares or money.

     Falling Leaves

     Count By 100

     What's Your Name

     Decimals Number Line

     Big Numbers

     Place Value Video

     Partioning Numbers

     There Must Be Thousands

     FreeMathTest - numbers from .10 to .99numbers from .100 to .999numbers 10 to 99numbers 100 to 999numbers 1000 to 9999

     Place Value Topics

     I Know That -- Place Values

     Reading Three Digits

     Base Blocks for Addition and Subtraction

     Life Guard

     Base Blocks

     Identifying Place Value

3. Use mathematical language and symbols to compare and order; e.g., less than, greater than, at most, at least, <, >, =, less than or equal to, greater than or equal to.


     Alligator Lunch

     Comparing Numbers

     Less Than Lake Maze

     More Than Marsh

     One False Move

     FreeMathTest - numbers from .10 to .99numbers from .100 to .999numbers from 0 to 10numbers from 10 to 50numbers from 50 to 100

4. Count money and make change using coins and paper bills to ten dollars.

     Spending Spree

     Cash Out

     Using Money

     Math Worksheet 3

     Math Worksheet 4

     Math Worksheet 5

     Math Worksheet 6

     Math With Money

     School Store

     Practice Counting Money

     Learn to Count Money

     Adding Dimes, Nickles and Pennies

     Change It

     Counting Money

     Discovering Coin Values

     Let's Go Shopping

     Making Change

     Money Flash Cards

     Counting Money

     Money Program

     Show Me the Money

The change exchange game-National City

5. Represent fractions and mixed numbers using words, numerals and physical models.

     Fishy Fractions

     Making Fractions

     Fraction Number Line

     Fishy Fractions Match


     Matching Fractions

     Fraction Frenzy

     Fraction Bar

     Fractions Activity

     Pizza Party

     Flowering Fraction Book

     Find Grampy

     Shade In

     Who Want Pizza

     13 Ways to Look at a Half

     Naming Fractions

     Fractions - Parts of a Whole

     Fractions Manipulative

6. Compare and order commonly used fractions and mixed numbers using number lines, models (such as fraction circles or bars), points of reference (such as more or less than 1/2 ), and equivalent forms using physical or visual models.

     Comparing Fractions

     Fraction Pointer

     Fraction Sorter

     Comparing Fractions

     Comparing Fractions

     Sorting Fractions

7. Recognize and use decimal and fraction concepts and notations as related ways of representing parts of a whole or a set; e.g., 3 of 10 marbles are red can also be described as 3/10 and 3 tenths are red.

     Matching Game

     The Decifractator

8. Model, represent and explain multiplication; e.g., repeated addition, skip counting, rectangular arrays and area model. For example:
a. Use conventional mathematical symbols to write equations for word problems involving multiplication.
b. Understand that, unlike addition and subtraction, the factors in multiplication and division may have different units; e.g., 3 boxes of 5 cookies each.

     Multiplication Strategies

     Number Line Math


     Multiplication Mystery

     Nine Pattern

     Fact Families

     Animal Legs

     Leon's Math Practice


     Skip Counting

     Times Table

     Table Mountain

9. Model, represent and explain division; e.g., sharing equally, repeated subtraction, rectangular arrays and area model. For example:
a. Translate contextual situations involving division into conventional mathematical symbols.
b. Explain how a remainder may impact an answer in a real-world situation; e.g., 14 cookies being shared by 4 children.

     Division Activity

     Number Line Math

     Leon's Math Practice


     Division Machine

10. Explain and use relationships between operations, such as:
a. relate addition and subtraction as inverse operations;
b. relate multiplication and division as inverse operations;
c. relate addition to multiplication (repeated addition);
d. relate subtraction to division (repeated subtraction).


11. Model and use the commutative and associative properties for addition and multiplication.

     Properties of Addition

     Multiplication Properties

12. Add and subtract whole numbers with and without regrouping.

     Addition Pyramid

     Mathblox Game

     That's a Fact

     Math Dojo

     Count on Convict

     Base Blocks Addition

     Base Blocks Subtraction

     Addition Machine

     Addition Surprise

     Connect Four

     Checking Subtraction


     Spacy Math

     Mental Math

13. Demonstrate fluency in multiplication facts through 10 and corresponding division facts.

     The Table Trees


     Math Dojo

     That's a Fact

     Mental Math


     Multiplication Station



14. Multiply and divide 2- and 3-digit numbers by a single-digit number, without remainders for division.

     Division Lesson

     Multiplication Game


15. Evaluate the reasonableness of computations based upon operations and the numbers involved; e.g., considering relative size, place value and estimates.


1. Identify and select appropriate units for measuring:
a. length – miles, kilometers and other units of measure as appropriate;
b. volume (capacity) – gallons;
c. weight – ounces, pounds, grams, or kilograms;
d. temperature – degrees (Fahrenheit or Celsius).

     Measurement Movie

     Are We There Yet?

     Measuring Tools

     Teaching Measures

2. Establish personal or common referents to include additional units; e.g., a gallon container of milk; a postage stamp is about a square inch.

3. Tell time to the nearest minute and find elapsed time using a calendar or a clock.

     Identifying Time

     Stop the Clock

     Elapsed Time

     A Matter of Time

     Analog Clock

     Bang on Time

     Bedtime Bandits

     Clock Wise

     Matching Time

     Clock Works

     The Right Time

     Stop The Clock

     Travel Time

4. Read thermometers in both Fahrenheit and Celsius scales.

     Be a Scientist

     Hot Stuff


     Temperature Convertor

5. Estimate and measure length, weight and volume (capacity), using metric and U.S. customary units, accurate to the nearest 1/2 or 1/4 unit as appropriate.

     Measure It


     Using a Ruler

     The Ruler Game

     Fill and Pour

     Virtual Ruler

6. Use appropriate measurement tools and techniques to construct a figure or approximate an amount of specified length, weight or volume (capacity); e.g., construct a rectangle with length 2 1/2 inches and width 3 inches, fill a measuring cup to the 3/4 cup mark.

7. Make estimates for perimeter, area and volume using links, tiles, cubes and other models.


     Shape Explorer

     Bucky's Blueprint

     Fence Me In

     Perimeter Practice

Geometry and Spatial Sense

1. Analyze and describe properties of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects using terms such as vertex, edge, angle, side and face.

     Plantonic Solids

     Prisms,  Pyramids, Cones and Cylinders

     Three Dimensional Review


     Shape Space and Measure

     Patterns For Solid Figures

     Quad Squad

     Solid Pieces

2. Identify and describe the relative size of angles with respect to right angles as follows:
a. Use physical models, like straws, to make different sized angles by opening and closing the sides, not by changing the side lengths.
b. Identify, classify and draw right, acute, obtuse and straight angles.

     Angles Activity

     What's My Angle?

     Kinds of Angles


     Interactive Angles

     Classifying Angles

3. Find and name locations on a labeled grid or coordinate system; e.g., a map or graph.

     Simple Coordinates Game

     Simple Maze Game


     What's the Point

4. Draw lines of symmetry to verify symmetrical two-dimensional shapes.

     Ask Hannah


     Line Symmetry Video

5. Build a three-dimensional model of an object composed of cubes; e.g., construct a model based on an illustration or actual object.

Patterns, Functions and Algebra

1. Extend multiplicative and growing patterns, and describe the pattern or rule in words.

     Number Patterns

     Brenda's Border

     Christmas Lights

     Missing Numbers

     Number Cracker

     Patterns Video

     Spooky Sequence

2. Analyze and replicate arithmetic sequences with and without a calculator.

     Online Calculators


3. Use patterns to make predictions, identify relationships, and solve problems.

     Function Machine

     Whole Number Cruncher

     Function Machine

     Worksheet 1

     Worksheet 2

4. Model problem situations using objects, pictures, tables, numbers, letters and other symbols.

     Problem Solving

5. Write, solve and explain simple mathematical statements, such as 7 + ? > 8 or ? + 8 = 10.

6. Express mathematical relationships as equations and inequalities.

7. Create tables to record, organize and analyze data to discover patterns and rules.

     Function Machine

     Whole Number Cruncher

     Function Machine

8. Identify and describe quantitative changes, especially those involving addition and subtraction; e.g., the height of water in a glass becoming 1 centimeter lower each week due to evaporation.

Data Analysis and Probability

1. Collect and organize data from an experiment, such as recording and classifying observations or measurements, in response to a question posed.

2. Draw and interpret picture graphs in which a symbol or picture represents more than one object.

     Play Ball

     Reading Pictographs

3. Read, interpret and construct bar graphs with intervals greater than one.

     Interpreting Data

     Bar Chart


     Bar Graphs

     Create a Graph

     All the Parts

     Reading a Bar Graph 

     Using Bar Graphs

     How it all Stacks Up

     Bar Graph

4. Support a conclusion or prediction orally and in writing, using information in a table or graph.

5. Match a set of data with a graphical representation of the data.

6. Translate information freely among charts, tables, line plots, picture graphs and bar graphs; e.g., create a bar graph from the information in a chart.

     Create a Graph

7. Analyze and interpret information represented on a timeline.

8. Identify the mode of a data set and describe the information it gives about a data set.

     Mode Median Mean

9. Conduct a simple experiment or simulation of a simple event, record the results in a chart, table or graph, and use the results to draw conclusions about the likelihood of possible outcomes.

     Box Model

     Create a Graph

10. Use physical models, pictures, diagrams and lists to solve problems involving possible arrangements or combinations of two to four objects.

     Disguise Combos





Earth and Space Sciences

1. Compare distinct properties of rocks (e.g., color, layering, texture).

     Rock Hounds

     Rock Lesson

     Rocks and Soil

     The Rock Cycle

2. Observe and investigate that rocks are often found in layers.

     Rock Hounds

     The Rock Cycle

3. Describe that smaller rocks come from the breakdown of larger rocks through the actions of plants and weather.

     The Rock Cycle

4. Observe and describe the composition of soil (e.g., small pieces of rock and decomposed pieces of plants and animals, and products of plants and animals).

     The Dirt on Soil

     Soil Formation

     Ask the Worm

5. Investigate the properties of soil (e.g., color, texture, capacity to retain water, ability to support plant growth).

     The Great Plant Escape

     Soil Formation

     Ask the Worm

6. Investigate that soils are often found in layers and can be different from place to place.

     Earth Mover Game

     The Dirt on Soil

     Ask the Worm

     Soil Quiz

Life Sciences

1. Compare the life cycles of different animals including birth to adulthood, reproduction and death (e.g., egg-tadpole-frog, egg-caterpillar-chrysalis-butterfly).

     Hams Hall Pond

     What is the Order

     The Circle of Life

     Life Cycle Activity:  Click on Activity 2

     Life Cycle of a Butterfly

     Life Cycles:  Scroll Down to Life Cycles

2. Relate animal structures to their specific survival functions (e.g., obtaining food, escaping or hiding from enemies).

     Build a Fish

     Exploring Ecosystems

     Animal Adaptations

     Animals on Defense

3. Classify animals according to their characteristics (e.g., body coverings and body structure).

     Zoo Logic

     Animal Groups

     Classifying Critters

4. Use examples to explain that extinct organisms may resemble organisms that are alive today.

5. Observe and explore how fossils provide evidence about animals that lived long ago and the nature of the environment at that time.

     Virtual Dinosaur Dig

6. Describe how changes in an organism’s habitat are sometimes beneficial and sometimes harmful.

     Exploring Ecosystems

Physical Sciences

1. Describe an objects position by locating it relative to another object or the background.

     Edmo and Houdini

2. Describe an objects motion by tracing and measuring its position over time.

3. Identify contact/noncontact forces that affect motion of an object (e.g., gravity, magnetism, collision).

     Your Weight on Other Planets

     Magnetism Movie

     Super Magneto Game

     Magnets and Springs

     Guide the Lander through Each Mission

4. Predict the changes when an object experiences a force (e.g., a push or pull, weight, friction).

     Pushes and Pulls

     Forces and Movement


Science and Technology

1. Describe how technology can extend human abilities (e.g., to move things, to extend senses).

2. Describe ways that using technology can have helpful and/or harmful results.

3. Investigate ways that the results of technology may affect the individual, family and community.

4. Use a simple design process to solve a problem (e.g., identify a problem, identify possible solutions, design a solution).

5. Describe possible solutions to a design problem (e.g., how to hold down paper in the wind).

Scientific Inquiry

1. Select the appropriate tools and use relevant safety procedures to measure and record length and weight in metric and English units.

     Measurement Movie

2. Discuss observations and measurements made by other people.

3. Read and interpret simple tables and graphs produced by self/others.

     Interpreting Data

     Bar Chart


     Bar Graphs

     Create a Graph

     All the Parts

     Reading a Bar Graph 

     Using Bar Graphs

     How it all Stacks Up

     Bar Graph

4. Identify and apply science safety procedures.

     Science Safety Quiz to Print     Test Answers

5. Record and organize observations (e.g., journals, charts, tables).

     Create a Graph

6. Communicate scientific findings to others through a variety of methods (e.g., pictures, written, oral and recorded observations).

Scientific Ways of Knowing

1. Describe different kinds of investigations that scientists use depending on the questions they are trying to answer.

2. Keep records of investigations and observations and do not change the records that are different from someone else's work.

3. Explore through stories how men and women have contributed to the development of science.

     4000 Years of Women in Science

4. Identify various careers in science.

     Cool Careers in Science

     Real Science

5. Discuss how both men and women find science rewarding as a career and in their everyday lives.

     Cool Careers in Science



Social Studies



1. Define and measure time by years, decades and centuries.

     Calendar Quiz

     How We Measure Time

     How We Measure Time Game

2. Place local historical events in sequential order on a time line.

     Timeline Generator


3. Describe changes in the community over time including changes in
a. businesses
b. architecture
c. physical features
d. employment
e. education
f. transportation
g. technology
h. religion
i. recreation

     Ohio Memory -Perry County

     Perry County Tourism

     Perry County Geneological Society

     Perry County Historical Society

     Somerset Courthouse

     Somerset Ohio

People in Societies

1. Compare some of the cultural practices and products of various groups of people who have lived in the local community including
a. artistic expression
b. religion
c. language
d. food

2. Compare the cultural practices and products of the local community with those of other communities in Ohio, the United States and countries of the world.

3. Describe settlement patterns of various cultural groups within the local community.

     Ohio Memory -Perry County


1. Use political maps, physical maps and aerial photographs to ask and answer questions about the local community.

2. Use a compass rose and cardinal directions to describe the relative location of places.

     Use Cardinal Directions

     Compass Rose Printout

3. Read and interpret maps by using the map title, map key, direction indicator and symbols to answer questions about the local community.

     Types of Maps

     Learning About Maps

     Google Maps


4. Use a number/letter grid system to locate physical and human features on a map.

5. Identify the location of the equator, Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle, North Pole, South Pole, Prime Meridian, the tropics and the hemispheres on maps and globes.

     Printable Maps

     Geography Glossary

6. Identify and describe the landforms and climate, vegetation, population and economic characteristics of the local community.


      Types of Land

7. Identify ways that physical characteristics of the environment (i.e., landforms, bodies of water, climate and vegetation) affect and have been modified by the local community.



8. Identify systems of transportation used to move people and products and systems of communication used to move ideas from place to place.



1. Define opportunity cost and give an example of the opportunity cost of a personal decision.

2. Identify people who purchase goods and services as consumers and people who make goods or provide services as producers.

     Supply and Demand



3. Categorize economic activities as examples of production or consumption.

4. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of specialization and the division of labor to produce items.

5. Identify different forms of money used over time, and recognize that money facilitates the purchase of goods, services and resources and enables savings.

6. Explain how the local community is an example of a market where buyers and sellers exchange goods and services.

7. Identify examples of economic competition in the local community.

     What is Competition


1. Explain the major functions of local government including
a. promoting order and security
b. making laws
c. settling disputes
d. providing public services
e. protecting the rights of individuals

2. Explain the structure of local governments and identify local leaders (e.g., township trustees, county commissioners, city council members or mayor).

     Perry County Government

     Mayors' of Perry County

3. Identify the location of local government buildings and explain the functions of government that are carried out there.

4. Identify goods and services provided by local government, why people need them and the source of funding (taxation).

5. Define power and authority.

6. Explain why the use of power without legitimate authority is unjust (e.g., bullying, stealing).

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1. Describe how people help to make the community a better place in which to live including
a. working to preserve the environment
b. helping the homeless
c. restoring houses in low-income areas
d. supporting education
e. planning community events
f. starting a business

2. Demonstrate effective citizenship traits including 
a. civility
b. respect for the rights and dignity of each person
c. volunteerism
d. compromise
e. compassion
f. persistence in achieving goals
g. civic-mindedness

3. Describe the responsibilities of citizenship with emphasis on
a. voting
b. obeying laws
c. respecting the rights of others
d. being informed about current issues
e. paying taxes

     Inside the Voting Booth

     Electing a President

Social Studies Skills and Methods

1. Obtain information about local issues from a variety of sources including
a. maps
b. photos
c. oral histories
d. newspapers
e. letters
f. artifacts
g. documents

     Zanesville Times Recorder

     Newark Advocate

     Lancaster Eagle Gazette

     Ohio Memory

2. Locate information using various parts of a source including
a. the table of contents
b. title page
c. illustrations
d. keyword searches

     Parts of a Book


     Parts of a Book

     Parts of a book Quiz

3. Identify possible cause and effect relationships.

4. Read and interpret pictographs, bar graphs and charts.

     Bar Graphs

     Interpreting Data

     Bar Chart


     Bar Graphs

     Create a Graph

     All the Parts

     Reading a Bar Graph 

     Using Bar Graphs

     How it all Stacks Up

     Bar Graph

5. Communicate information using pictographs and bar graphs.

     Create a Graph

6. Use a problem-solving/decision-making process which includes
a. identifying a problem
b. gathering information
c. listing and considering options
d. considering advantages and disadvantages of options
e. choosing and implementing a solution


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Northern Local School District
8700 Sheridan Road NW
Thornville, OH 43076

Phone: (740) 743-1303
Fax: (740) 743-3301